The World of Masonry
Appendant and Concordant Bodies of Freemasonry
The fraternity of Freemasonry, also known as "Free and Accepted Masons," is organized by private groups of members variously known in English as lodges, chapters, councils, commanderies, consistories, etc., which can be collectively referred to as "Masonic bodies".
The basic Masonic body is the "Masonic lodge" or some times referred as the "blue lodge", which alone can make a Mason, and confers the first three degrees in Masonry, being that of Entered Apprentice, Fellowcraft, and Master Mason.
While there is no degree in Blue Lodge Freemasonry higher than that of Master Mason, there are a number of related organizations which have as a prerequisite to joining that one be a Master Mason, such as the Scottish Rite, the York Rite, and the Shriners.
Additionally, there are also organizations affiliated with Freemasonry that admit both Master Masons and non-Masons who have some relation to a Master Mason, such as the Order of the Eastern Star, International Order of Job's Daughters and the Order of the Amaranth. Still other affiliated organizations like the Order of DeMolay and the International Order of the Rainbow for Girls admit non-Masonic family youth and have no requirement that an applicant be related to a Master Mason.
Chico-Leland Stanford Lodge No. 111 is proud that many of our members have continued their Masonic education through active participation in one of several Masonic appendant and concordant bodies. Here we provide an overview of some of those organizations and links to websites which will provide detailed information. If you want additional information just give us a call or check the local body contacts in a recent Trestleboard.
The Scottish Rite is a concordant body of Masonry, meaning that it is not part of the Craft (Blue) Lodge per se, but closely associated with Masonry. It requires that a man be a Master Mason before joining the Scottish Rite. The Scottish Rite confers the 4th through 32nd degrees. The degree work may be, but is not necessarily, completed at one time. Any Master Mason is eligible to join the Scottish Rite. The degrees of the Scottish Rite continue the symbolism of the first three Masonic degrees. Valley of Sacramento Scottish Rite encompasses 22 counties of Northern California.
Local Contact: Black Butte Scottish Rite Club; 1st Monday of the month @ 6:30p.m.; Bob Morrison, Pres. - 345-5958; Steve Moody - 343-2030.
The York Rite, like the Scottish Rite, is a concordant body of Masonry, and confers degrees beyond the Craft (Blue) Lodge's three degrees. It consists of nine additional degrees: Mark Master, Past Master, Most Excellent Master, and Royal Arch Mason; the Cryptic Degrees of the Royal Master, Select Master, and Super Excellent Master; and the Chivalric Orders of the Order of the Red Cross, Order of the Knights of Malta and the Order of Knights Templar.
The Temple degrees, which comprise the top degrees of the York Rite are specifically Christian. Or at least, it can be stated that the oath is: in some Grand Lodges in US, Canada and abroad, one need not be a Christian, but rather only be willing to take a Christian OATH. The difference here is that there are some who would willingly swear to defend the Christian faith on the grounds that they would defend any man's faith. The Chapter (or Royal Arch) and Council Of Royal And Select Masters (Cryptic Rite), which comprise the first two sections of the York Rite, are not specifically Christian.
Local Contact: Chico Royal Arch #42; 2nd Monday of the month @ 6:30p.m.; Mike Johnson, HP - 342-2378; Edwin Ried - 895-3750.
The Shrine was founded in 1872 (the Mecca Temple in New York City) and an Arabic theme was chosen. Hence, the distinctive red fez that Shriners wear at official functions.
Members of the Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles the Mystic Shrine for North America (AAONMS is an anagram for "A MASON") were, up until recently members of the Scottish Rite's 32nd degree, and/or Knights Templer of the York Rite. Any Master Mason in good standing may petition the Shrine for membership. The Shrine is most noted for its emphasis on philanthropy and its jolly outlook on life - it has been called "the playground of Masonry". This is expressed as "Pleasure without intemperance, hospitality without rudeness, and jollity without coarseness."
Local Contact: Chico Shrine Club; 1st Wednesday of the month @ 6:00p.m.; Ed Nelson - 865-1792; Darrin Deatherage - 774-7110.
The Order of the Eastern Star is an adoptive rite of Freemasonry with teachings based on the Bible and objectives that are charitable and benevolent. The founder of OES was Dr. Robert Morris, a lawyer and educator from Boston, Massachusetts, who was a Master Mason and Past Grand Master of Kentucky. Dr. Morris intended his creation to become a female branch of Freemasonry, but he failed to overcome the great opposition this idea engendered. After his first published ritual in 1849-50, he became associated with Robert Macoy who wrote and published a ritual based on Morris' in 1867. The first Grand Chapter was organized in Michigan in the same year. (There is evidence for an organization of the same name founded variously in 1788 or 1793, but this group was defunct by 1867.) Subordinate (local) chapters operate under charter from state level grand chapters which are responsible to the General Grand Chapter at the International Eastern Star temple in Washington, D.C.
Members must be 18 years or older and either Master Masons in good standing or properly related to a Master Mason in good standing. The latter category includes wives; widows; sisters; daughters; mothers; granddaughters; step-mothers; step daughters; step-sisters; and half-sisters. In 1994 this was expanded to include nieces, daughters-in-law, and grandmothers.
Each chapter has eighteen officers, some elected and others appointed. Two offices are specifically male (Patron and Associate Patron) while nine offices are specifically female (including Matron and Associate Matron). While the Worthy Matron is considered to be the presiding officer of the chapter, the degrees cannot be conferred without a presiding brother in good standing (hence the Patron and Associate Patron).
Each chapter retains the right to decide who shall be a member of the organization. Election to the degrees must be unanimous, without debate, and secret. The successful candidate must profess a belief in a Supreme Being and is initiated in five degrees, which are conferred in one ceremony. (When Eastern Star was created, it was intended to be the first of a three degree series. The second and third degrees were Queen of the South and the Order of the Amaranth, respectively.)
Interestingly enough, OES requires only the belief in a Supreme Being even though the degrees are based in both the Old and New Testaments. While non-Christians are not specifically barred from membership, it would seem to be difficult to be other than Christian and belong to the Order.
Local Contact: Eastern Star; 2nd & 4th Wednesday of the month @ 7:30p.m.; Marie Worthy, Worthy Matron - 343-7878; William Rosamond, Worthy Patron - 520-9919.
The International Order of DeMolay is the world's largest fraternal organization for young men between the ages of 13 and 21. The Order was founded in Kansas City, Missouri on March 24, 1919 by Frank Sherman Land. DeMolay Chapters are sponsored by Masonic Lodges, and some members of the sponsoring body also serve as Advisors on the Chapter's Advisory Council. Structurally, it is similar to Masonry. The officers of a Chapter are the Master Councilor, Senior Councilor, Junior Councilor, Senior Deacon, Junior Deacon, Senior Steward, Junior Steward, Orator, Scribe, Marshal, Chaplain, Standard Bearer, Sentinel, Almoner, and seven Preceptors.
DeMolay is the premier youth organization dedicated to teaching young men to be better persons and leaders. Under the "advisorship" of adults; leadership skills, civic awareness, responsibility, and character development are learned through a variety of self directed, real world applications and activities. DeMolay builds confidence; teaches responsibility, cooperation and community service; and fosters trust, respect, fellowship, patriotism, reverence, and sharing.
DeMolay Chapters hold monthly or bi-weekly meetings with Masonic-like Ritual. Other activities include athletic tournaments and events, social functions (joint activities with Rainbow are encouraged), fund-raising activities, Masonic service activities, and civic and philanthropic activities.
The Order's namesake is Jacques DeMolay, who was the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar and who was executed by the Inquisition on March 18, 1314. Louis Lower, the first DeMolay, and his group of friends, when asked by Dad Land to choose a name for their group, believed that his heroic fidelity and loyalty to his fellow Templars were qualities with which they wanted their group to be identified. Mind you, Dad Land explained this to them before they chose their name.
Local Contact: DeMolay; 1st & 3rd Thursday of the month @ 7:00p.m.; Mike Hilton - 520-4197.
The International Order of the Rainbow for Girls is a junior organization for girls between the ages of 11 and 20, from Masonic, Eastern Star, Amaranth homes, and the friends of members of Rainbow girls. At the age of 20, or upon marriage, which ever occurs first, girls who are members in good standing are eligible for Majority Membership. A girl must be sponsored by two other girls who are either active members in good standing or a majority member, and at least one adult whom must be a member in good standing of either the Masonic Lodge, Order of the Eastern Star, or Order of the Amaranth. California has a strong Rainbow Girls network.
The Reverend W. Mark Sexson had been asked to make an address before South McAlester Chapter No. 148, Oklahoma. As the DeMolay had come under his close study and observation during his Masonic activities', he became more and more conscious of the fact that an Order for girls setting forth some of the truths of Masonry would be necessary. He asked the regular officers of South McAlester Chapter No. 148, O.E.S., to exemplify the work. The first class of girls that was initiated into the Order consisted of a class of 171 girls, on April 6, 1922, in the auditorium of the Scottish Rite Temple, McAlester, Oklahoma.
Local Contact: Chico Rainbow; 1st & 3rd Monday of the month @ 7:00p.m.; Lisa Johnson - 624-9795.
Job's Daughters International was founded by Mrs. Ethel T. Wead Mick in Omaha. Nebraska, in 1920. The purpose of the Order was to band together young girls with Masonic relationship or Masonic sponsorship for character building through moral and spiritual development by teaching a greater reverence for God, loyalty to the Flag and the Country for which it stands, and respect for parents and guardians.
Enrolls girls between the ages of 10 and 20 that have some Masonic relative or Masonic sponsor. They must profess a belief in God.
Local Contact: Job's Daughters; 2nd & 4th Mondays of the month @ 7:00p.m.; Megan Moore - 519-2344.
The Daughters of the Nile is an international auxiliary organization for the wives, mothers, daughters, widows, and sisters of members of the Shrine that has prospered as a charitable and social group since 1913, serving the children at Shriners Hospitals.
Local Contact: Chico Daughters of the Nile; 2nd Monday of the month @ 10:00a.m.; Jill Ramsey - 893-5750.